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The Definition of a Job Title


What is the definition of a job title, and how it effects the employment functions and levels? this article answers more questions regarding this subject.

What is a Job Title?

A Job title informs others about the position, professional or academic qualification of a person. Over time, new jobs and thus new job titles have been created. The variety of modern job titles is due to two factors, internationalization and specialization.

A job title indicates the work fields

Some serious job titles also provide information about the work fields, examples listed below:

  • Accounting: The accountant documents and posts business transactions, analyzes financial data and prepares financial statements.
  • Administration / Central Services: Responsible for the overall functioning of the company. In this role, he is responsible for the maintenance, servicing and provision of required resources.
  • Analysis: Responsible for controlling, budgeting and reporting. It's important to identify weaknesses in order to increase the profitability of the company.
  • Applications / Electronics / Mechanical: Takes care of developing and testing new applications and components. He also advises the sales force on technical issues.
  • Approvals: Checks whether products contain health risks for humans.
  • Auditing: Conducts audits to assess, for example, the performance of the control systems or the expediency of the work processes.
  • Central Logistics: Optimize logistics processes using marketing forecasts, order information and material plans.
  • Controlling: Responsible for business management planning, reporting and cost accounting and advises on corporate decisions.
  • Design: works on prototype construction.
  • District: The sales representative implements the sales concept, exploits market potential and forwards customer wishes into marketing.
  • GMP compliance: Its task is to set standards and standard procedures for avoiding quality defects.
  • Human Resources: The HR specialist handles hiring and dismissals, conducts employee appraisals and is responsible for HR development.
  • industrial engineering: It optimizes the use of equipment, materials and personnel, making operations more economical.
  • Key Account: He looks after key customers, specially large customers, and ensures through consulting and relationship maintenance that they remain true to their own company.
  • Legal Affairs: The legal adviser advises on rights and obligations, reviews contracts and agreements and ensures the protection of property.
  • Logistics: His job isn't only to ensure the processes, but to optimize them in terms of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness.
  • Maintenance: He works in the maintenance and repair department.
  • Manufacturing / Production: The operations planner coordinates production to ensure on-time delivery, quality and economical use of resources.
  • Marketing Analysis: He examines market conditions, competitor density, consumer behavior and market trends to develop marketing strategies.
  • Marketing Communications: His job is to increase awareness of the company's products or services - through advertising campaigns, public relations and so on.
  • Marketing: He develops marketing strategies and concepts for his product group and sets targets for goods sales.
  • Market Research: He examines market conditions as the basis of the company's sales policy, maintains contact with dealers and is responsible for customer loyalty.
  • Operations: As the person responsible for the operating department, he examines cost and financial reports and is responsible for implementing the company's goals.
  • Quality Assurance: He develops, implements and coordinates error prevention programs to ensure product quality.
  • Quality Control: His job is quality control. He ensures that the manufactured products actually meet the required standards.
  • Plant: The employee on the plant management is responsible for the manufacturing processes. In doing so, he takes company goals, market demand and plant capacity into account.
  • Process: The process engineer is responsible for the cost-efficiency of the production plant, optimal plant utilization and resource-conserving machine utilization.
  • Product: Its job is to market a particular product, to observe the competitors' activities and, if necessary, to react to them.
  • Production Controlling / Expedition / Scheduling: He plans and controls production quantities and processes.
  • Production Planning / Supervising, Process Planning: He is responsible for production planning.
  • Public Affairs / Communications: The public relations worker ensures the positive image of the product and the company in public - specially among the customers.
  • Regulatory Affairs: He ensures that the company's products comply with the applicable health standards.
  • Research and Development (R & D) / Product Development: His responsibility is the development of new products and services of the company.
  • Sales: He works sales by setting sales territories, quotas and targets and staffing them, advising wholesalers and retailers on sales and advertising techniques and determining the sales policy.
  • Sales engineer: He sells chemical, mechanical and electromechanical services and has engineering and business knowledge.
  • Technical: The technical employee plans the technical operation and initiates the work of the service technicians.
  • Technical Services: He organizes customer service and supports customers in using the delivered products and materials.
  • Treasury: The Treasurer oversees payment obligations and makes proposals for using surpluses or raising capital.
  • Warehouse Distribution: He manages the sales warehouse and handles the processing of customer orders.

Job title: The position in the company hierarchy

In addition, the job titles also provide information about the position of the job holder in the company hierarchy. Usually (but not always), the more important a title sounds, the more important is its wearer. Specially at the top is applied quite thickly. So in order of rank and order, see the following examples:

  • Chief: The company is headed by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO), who is responsible for corporate policy. He is told by the other chiefs, the division heads.
  • Vice President: Directly below are the department heads, who carry the somewhat misleading title Vice President - more appropriate would be the term Leader of Business Unit.
  • Director: The position of Director is located above the management level: He is responsible for a whole business area, such as marketing.
  • Head of: The head leads a specific segment of a business area - such as customer marketing - and has financial and personnel responsibility.
  • Manager: The manager has responsibility for a certain number of employees, he defines responsibilities and work contents.
  • Associate: The associate is hierarchically below the management level: he is the specialist responsible for a specific task.

Specially in larger companies, the hierarchy levels are subdivided even more finely in order to further differentiate the levels of responsibility:

  • Junior: The junior is a position for beginners with one to three years of professional experience. If he moves to the next higher level, the prefix in front of the job title simply disappears.
  • Senior: The senior not only has more work experience than his colleague without title supplement, but also more responsibility: he is the team or group leader.

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